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San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA


Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 359
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 67
Metro area population, 2008 4,274,531
Population covered by DAWN 2,800,163
Percent of population covered by DAWN 66%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2008
Counties Drug-related Drug-related suicide Population
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
* Area did not participate in DAWN this year.
Total participating (4) 359 12.8 67 2.4 2,800,163
1. Alameda County, CA*         1,474,368
2. Contra Costa County, CA 97 9.4 23 2.2 1,029,703
3. Marin County, CA 30 12.1 11 4.4 248,794
4. San Francisco County, CA 181 22.4 21 2.6 808,976
5. San Mateo County, CA 51 7.2 12 1.7 712,690

Deaths by manner of death, 2008
Suicide 15.7%
Homicide 0.0%
Could not be determined 6.1%
Accidental 70.7%
Natural 7.5%

Place of death, 2008
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 69
Home 232
Public place 29
Other 29
Not documented 0

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility 9
Home 51
Public place 4
Other --
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2008
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 37 184 221
Cocaine 29 74 103
Alcohol 0 77 77
Benzodiazepines 0 68 68
Antidepressants 2 64 66

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related suicide deaths, 2008
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 5 35 40
Antidepressants 4 26 30
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 3 15 18
Alcohol 0 12 12
Benzodiazepines 0 11 11

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related, 2008
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 17.3
Female 8.3

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.4
21 to 34 8.2
35 to 54 23.3
55 and over 14.5

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related suicide, 2008
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 3.1
Female 1.7

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.1
21 to 34 1.4
35 to 54 2.8
55 and over 4.7

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2007-2008
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2008 Single-drug deaths, 2008 Deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2008 Single-drug deaths, 2008
* Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
†† Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 383 359 98 92 67 21
Alcohol* 110 77 0 28 12 0
Cocaine 169 103 29 18 -- 0
Marijuana 8 -- 0 -- -- 0
Stimulants 79 65 20 6 -- 0
Club drugs 10 -- -- -- 0 0
Hallucinogens†† -- -- -- -- 0 0
Inhalants -- 5 -- -- -- --
Antidepressants 79 66 -- 28 30 4
Antipsychotics 21 15 0 10 4 0
Benzodiazepines 57 68 0 18 11 0
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 62 35 -- 22 18 --
Opiates/opioids 231 221 37 37 40 5
– Heroin (specified) 19 15 -- 0 0 0
– Methadone 79 83 17 7 7 --
– All other opiates/opioids 180 164 18 33 36 4
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents -- -- 0 0 0 0
Salicylates/combinations -- 0 0 -- 0 0
Misc. analgesics/combinations 22 14 0 16 6 --
Anticonvulsants 21 14 0 -- -- 0
Muscle relaxants 18 19 0 5 -- --

End Notes

1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. -- A number less than 4 has been suppressed.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2008 (08/2009 update).

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